If you’re looking after someone with COVID-19 at home or in a non-healthcare setting, follow these suggestions to safeguard yourself yet others. Learn how to proceed when someone has symptoms of COVID-19 or when someone has been identified as having the virus. These details also should be followed when caring for folks who’ve tested positive but aren’t showing symptoms.
Help cover basic needs
Latina woman drinking hot tea while sick
Make sure the individual who’s sick drinks a lot of fluids and rests
Help the individual who’s sick follow their doctor’s instructions for care and medicine.
For many people, symptoms last a couple of days, and folks usually feel better after weekly.
Decide if over-the-counter medicines for fever help the individual feel better.
Make sure the individual who’s sick drinks a lot of fluids and rests.
Help them with food shopping, filling prescriptions, and getting other items they could need. Consider getting the items delivered by using a delivery service, when possible.
Look after their pet(s), and limit contact between your one who is sick and their pet(s) when possible.
Watch out for warning signs
Have their doctor’s contact number on hand.
Use CDC’s self-checker tool to help you create decisions about seeking appropriate health care.
Call their doctor if the individual keeps getting sicker. For medical emergencies, call 911 and tell the dispatcher that the individual has or may have COVID-19.
Young sick man during intercourse cleaning snotty nose
Keep another bedroom and bathroom for somebody who is sick
COVID-19 spreads between individuals who are in close contact (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets, created when someone talks, coughs or sneezes. Steering clear of others helps stop the spread of COVID-19.
The caregiver, when possible, shouldn’t be someone who reaches higher risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
The person who’s sick should isolate
The sick person should separate themselves from others in the house. Learn when as well as how to isolate.
When possible, have the individual who’s sick use another bedroom and bathroom. When possible, have the individual who’s sick stay static in their own “sick room” or area and from others. Make an effort to stay at least 6 feet from the sick person.
Shared space: When you have to share space, make sure the area has good ventilation.
Open the window to increase air circulation.
Improving ventilation helps remove respiratory droplets from air.
Avoid having visitors. Avoid having any unnecessary visitors, especially visits by individuals who are at higher risk for severe illness.
What Should We Do in the home?
To safeguard others at home, somebody who is sick should:
Whenever you can, stay away from other folks and pets in your house.
Wear a mask if indeed they must be around other folks. Masks must not be worn by kids younger than 24 months old or whoever has trouble breathing. For additional about masks, check the CDC’s guide.
Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue, throw the tissue away, and then wash their hands immediately. Wash with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
If possible, stay static in a bedroom and use your bathrooms separate from other folks in the house.
Use separate dishes, glasses, cups, and eating utensils rather than share these with other family members. After use, run them through the dishwasher or wash with scorching soapy water.
Use separate bedding and towels rather than share these with other family members.
If the individual who’s sick can’t wear a mask, caregivers should wear one while they’re in the same room.
Make certain shared spaces in the house have good ventilation. You are able to open a window or start an air conditioning filter or air conditioning equipment.
Don’t allow visitors into the home. This consists of children and adults.
All family members should wash their hands well and frequently. Wash with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Wash the sick person’s clothing, bedding, and towels with detergent on the latest temperature possible. Wear gloves when handling their laundry, when possible. Wash the hands well after handling the laundry (even though you wore gloves).
Each day, use children cleaner or wipe to completely clean things that get touched a lot. Included in these are doorknobs, light switches, toys, remote controls, sink handles, counters, and phones. Keep a sick child’s toys separate from other toys, when possible.
To safeguard others in your community:
The person who’s sick should stay home unless they want medical care. That is called isolation.
Other family members also should stay home. That is called quarantine.
Follow instructions from your physician, local healthcare department, or the CDC about who should stay home and then for how long.